The assessment of monetary transfers’ effectiveness in income inequality reduction among Polish families with children over the period of 2005-2008

Małgorzata Smużniak

Abstract

This PhD thesis focuses mainly on the problem of income inequality. The research objective was to verify the hypothesis of income inequality reduction among Polish families with children due to family benefits reform. The special attention was focused on families with children as this group is the most susceptible to poverty, which is considered as the extreme manifestation of income inequality. Individual transfers are the main protective tool against deprivation leading to income dispersion reduction. Currently, the government intends to reduce the public spending on social benefits; hence, it seems to be justified to support future policy changes by a research on the impact of particular transfers on income inequality. To verify if family benefits fulfil the egalitarian function (especially during economic growth period, when large income inequality emerges and the problem of poverty becomes particularly severe) the Gini’s coefficient decomposition was applied, as proposed by Lerman and Yitzhaki. Taking into account the data presented in this thesis, and the literature review, the author finally concluded that the current system of family transfers does not fulfil the egalitarian function. Therefore, the proposed hypothesis that monetary benefits for families were an inefficient way of reducing income inequality among families with children over the period of 2005-2008 could not be rejected.
Diploma typeDoctor of Philosophy
Author Małgorzata Smużniak
Małgorzata Smużniak,,
-
Title in EnglishThe assessment of monetary transfers’ effectiveness in income inequality reduction among Polish families with children over the period of 2005-2008
Languagepl polski
Certifying UnitFaculty of Economic Sciences (ES)
Disciplineekonomia / nauki ekonomiczne(nauki ekonomiczne) / nauki społeczne()
Defense Date20-12-2012
End date20-12-2012
Supervisor Maria Piotrowska (ES / IE / DME)
Maria Piotrowska,,
- Department of Mathematical Economics

Internal reviewers Adam Kubów (ES / DSaSP)
Adam Kubów,,
- Department of Sociology and Social Policy
External reviewers Grażyna Wolska
Grażyna Wolska,,
-
Pages201
Keywords in EnglishIncome inequality, family benefits, Gini’s coefficient, poverty, family
Abstract in EnglishThis PhD thesis focuses mainly on the problem of income inequality. The research objective was to verify the hypothesis of income inequality reduction among Polish families with children due to family benefits reform. The special attention was focused on families with children as this group is the most susceptible to poverty, which is considered as the extreme manifestation of income inequality. Individual transfers are the main protective tool against deprivation leading to income dispersion reduction. Currently, the government intends to reduce the public spending on social benefits; hence, it seems to be justified to support future policy changes by a research on the impact of particular transfers on income inequality. To verify if family benefits fulfil the egalitarian function (especially during economic growth period, when large income inequality emerges and the problem of poverty becomes particularly severe) the Gini’s coefficient decomposition was applied, as proposed by Lerman and Yitzhaki. Taking into account the data presented in this thesis, and the literature review, the author finally concluded that the current system of family transfers does not fulfil the egalitarian function. Therefore, the proposed hypothesis that monetary benefits for families were an inefficient way of reducing income inequality among families with children over the period of 2005-2008 could not be rejected.
KBN classificationekonomia
Thesis file
Smuzniak_M_Ocena_Skutecznosci_Pienieznych_Swiadczen_Rodzinnych.pdf 1,81 MB

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