Can We Determine Debt to Equity Levels in Non-Profit Organisations? Answer Based on Polish Case

Grzegorz Michalski , Guenter Blendinger , Zoltan Rozsa , Anna Cierniak-Emerych , Maria Svidronova , Jan Buleca , Hemantkumar Bulsara


The goal of the article is to find the answer whether it is possible to propose a model for fixing the best debt levels in the capital structure of non-profit organisations. Capital structure is an indicator that corroborates the level of financial risk. Non-profit organisations are an essential part of the general social policy. When considering the efficiency of non-profit entities from a donor perspective, it is important to take into account the way management uses the resources of a non-profit organisation as well as efficiency of that management activity. Non-profit organisation efficiency should be considered in the context of risk. One of the most important ways to increase probability to face financial distress is too high debt to equity relation. The paper illustrates the relationship between debt and equity in 1,560 Polish non-profit entities. The model which can fix optimal capital structure for a non-profit organisation in its current environment was delivered. The proposal of the paper includes a model which helps to find the optimal level of debt for non-profit organisation environmental conditions. The novelty of the model is based on the full costs of debt financing non-profit entities in the context of donor expectations, which in the Polish social and economic environment means that costs indirectly linked with the realisation of the main aim of the social entity cannot be higher than 10 % of the collected money sources. An additional point of our findings is that in comparison with the current state, Polish non-profit organisations need to improve their way of fixing capital structure.
Author Grzegorz Michalski (EaE / IES / DLaC)
Grzegorz Michalski,,
- Department of Labor and Capital
, Guenter Blendinger
Guenter Blendinger,,
, Zoltan Rozsa
Zoltan Rozsa,,
, Anna Cierniak-Emerych (EaE / IES / DLaC)
Anna Cierniak-Emerych,,
- Department of Labor and Capital
, Maria Svidronova
Maria Svidronova,,
, Jan Buleca
Jan Buleca,,
, Hemantkumar Bulsara
Hemantkumar Bulsara,,
Journal seriesInzinerine Ekonomika-Engineering Economics, ISSN 1392-2785, e-ISSN 2029-5839, (A 20 pkt)
Issue year2018
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in EnglishEquity, Foreign Capital, Non-Profit Organisations, Efficiency of NGO
ASJC Classification2002 Economics and Econometrics; 2201 Engineering (miscellaneous); 1403 Business and International Management
Languageen angielski
Michalski_Blendinger_Rozsa_Cierniak_Emerych_Svidronova_Buleca_Bulsara_Can_We_Determine_Debt.pdf 843,89 KB
Score (nominal)20
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 1; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2017 = 0.584; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 0.709 (2) - 2017=0.806 (5)
Citation count*17 (2020-09-25)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.