Additional Education and Training in Polish Agricultural Cooperatives
AbstractEnvironmental conditions require, from companies and their employees, continuous learning and acquiring new knowledge, skills, and competences, which generally may be named as shaping the human capital. The same refers to agricultural cooperatives and more specifically their members and employees. The article describes the usage of one of cooperative principles, concerning education, training, and information, in Polish agricultural cooperatives. The purpose of the article is to describe the educational needs of members and employees of agricultural cooperatives. The article brings the answers for the following questions: What is the interest of additional education and professional development in Polish agricultural cooperatives? What are the areas of interest of education? What forms of education are appropriate? Who most needs education? The article utilizes the results of research conducted in 2013. The research method was a survey sent electronically to the managers of 1,147 cooperatives. Approximately 50 respondents took part in the research. Data analysis included the method of logical inference. The findings are disturbing. It turns out that the level of educational needs in Polish agricultural cooperatives is small. The reasons for this are most often the lack of funds, the lack of faith in ensuring tangible effects of training, and the general members’ antipathy to make efforts to improve the knowledge and skills which results from their age close to retirement. The main conclusion is that this might have its source in the wider context of changes in Poland in general and associating Polish agricultural cooperatives with the forced collectivization of agriculture that is still observed, even by the cooperatives members themselves.
|Journal series||China-USA Business Review, ISSN 1537-1514, (4 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.4|
|Keywords in English||agricultural cooperatives, cooperative members, human capital, educational needs, additional education, professional development|
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