Agglomeration Economies and Foreign Direct Investment in Advanced Business Services in Poland
AbstractFor many years, services attracted most of the foreign direct investment (FDI) in Central and Eastern European countries. Recently, a distinctive type of business services, i.e., advanced business services (ABS), has become the focal point in FDI in the region. This paper is aimed at defining the role of agglomeration economies in FDI in ABS in Poland. The topic is important from the policy point of view, as foreign investment is supported by the host country’s authorities, and various incentives are provided. The research method applied in this paper is the negative binomial regression. The outcome variable was the number of firms operating in ABS in particular regions. Explanatory variables pertain to the characteristics of 16 regions classified as Level 2 under the Nomenclature des Unités territoriales statistiques (Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics or NUTS) in Poland. The main conclusion of the research is that agglomeration economies are important in the decision of the firms investing in ABS in Poland. The most important factor is the concentration of supply factors, such as abundance of educated employees. The specific features of ABS are associated with lower importance of demand factors in a region.
|Journal series||International Journal of Management and Economics, [Zeszyty Naukowe - Kolegium Gospodarki Światowej], ISSN 2299-9701, (B 12 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||advanced business services industry, foreign direct investment, agglomeration economies|
|Score||= 12.0, 02-07-2019, ArticleFromJournal|
|Citation count*||1 (2020-01-13)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.