Polish labor market: issues of over and underemployment among highly educated employees
Anna Bebel , Maria Piotrowska , Marek Kośny
AbstractThis paper presents the situation of people in the Polish labor market with higher education. Particular attention has been paid to the issues of underemployment (time-related and invisible underemployment) and over-employment. Time-related underemployment occurs when a person would like to work more hours for the same hourly rate, but is unable to do so. Invisible underemployment occurs when employees are over-qualified for their position. There is also overemployment which occurs when an employee works more than the employee expected. Analyzing the extent and consequences of these issues and potential ways of dealing with them are the focus of this paper. The source of the data are the results of a survey conducted among a group of over 900 respondents with higher education. Statistical methods were used. The Polish labor market seems to be very attractive for people with higher education. There is basically no problem of unemployment among highly educated people. This does not mean, however, that such people find work that meets their expectations. Over 15% work less than they would like, and twice as many would like to work less than at present. About 40% work in positions that do not need a college education, which are below their qualifications. Underemployment significantly contributes to achieving lower income than expected (especially time-related underemployment) and to less satisfaction with work. Overtime wor, in turn causes fatigue and can negatively affect family relationships, as employees spend less time at home.
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Book||Cingula Marijan, Rhein Douglas, Machrafi Mustapha (eds.): Economic and social development. 31st International Scientific Conference on Economic and Social Development – “Legal Challenges of Modern World” – Split, 7-8 June 2018 (Book of Proceedings), Book of Proceedings, 2018, Varazdin Development and Entrepreneurship Agency, Varazdin, Croatia; University North, Koprivnica, Croatia; Faculty of Management University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland, 598 p.|
|Keywords in English||higher education, over-employment, underemployment|
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