Organic Farming in the European Union Countries - Opportunities and Prospects
Anna Sylwia Kowalska , Magdalena Luboińska
AbstractThe article is devoted to the presentation of the state of organic farming in the enlarged EU. The study uses statistical materials published by FIBL, IFOAM and in the Eurostat database. The subject of the analysis were data on organic farming in the EU. The analysis was made both in terms of the division into the old and the new EU, as well as individual EU countries. The basic time range of data covers the years 2000-2017. The area under organic cultivation, the share of organic cultivation area in the total utilized agricultural area and the number of organic farms were analysed. The article uses the basic methods of statistical analysis of data, i.e. Pearson's correlation, trend lines, dynamics indicators, arithmetic mean, standard deviation and cluster analysis. Over the period under review, there were changes in the EU countries in both the area and the number of organic food producers. In 2017, Austria and Estonia had the largest share (over 20%) of the fully transformed ecological zone in the UAA in EU Member States. The share in these countries is as much as 3 standard deviations from the EU average. In 2000-2017, the number of organic farms in the 28 EU Member States doubled, their area increased almost three times, while the number of processors of this type of food increased over 55 times. There is a large variation in the size of organic utilised agricultural land and the number of organic farms in individual countries. In 2000-2017, the largest area of organic farming among EU countries was recorded in Spain, Italy, Germany and France. The article emphasizes also the dynamic development of this way of farming in the countries of the new EU. The directions of changes in organic farming in the new EU countries were presented, the impulse for which were the benefits of EU membership.
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Book||Soliman Khalid S. (eds.): Education Excellence and Innovation Management: A 2025 Vision to Sustain Economic Development during Global Challenges, 2020, International Business Information Management Association (IBIMA), ISBN 9780999855141|
|Keywords in English||Organic Farming, Organic Food, European Union, Development|
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