Lokalne centrum usługowe: w poszukiwaniu formy i funkcji
Łukasz Damurski , Jerzy Ładysz , Jacek Pluta , Wawrzyniec Zipser , Magdalena Mayer-Wydra
AbstractIn the current urban planning discourse much attention is paid to services provision in residential areas (neighbourhoods). In the so called habitat a local service centre is defined as a multifunctional public space providing access to everyday services, stimulating social integration and building local identity. This general definition, though comprehensive and convincing, has limited value for urban planning: it bears particular questions regarding the form and function of local service centres in contemporary neighbourhoods. This paper presents a critical review of scientific literature on service nodes in urban areas which is followed by a conceptualisation of the research issues to be studied. Starting from the overview of historical origins (ancient agora, medieval market squares, the neighbourhood unit in the modernism) up to current planning concepts (quality of life shaped by an easy access to services), the paper concludes on the users’ needs and the required formal and functional characteristics of local service centres. Eventually the conceptual framework for the neighbourhood service centres is developed, including several research components: functional programme, spatial form, social functions, structure of needs, efficiency of services, online and offline offer, localisation, accepted distance and optimal range. Such a framework may be adopted in urban planning theory and practice, thus contributing to the current knowledge on shaping residential areas.
|Journal series||Przestrzeń Społeczna, ISSN 2084-7696, e-ISSN 2084-1558, (B 7 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||1.3|
|Keywords in Polish||lokalne centrum usługowe, usługi, habitat, forma, funkcja|
|Keywords in English||local service centre, services, habitat, form, function|
|Score||= 7.0, 02-07-2019, ArticleFromJournal|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.