Torrefaction of Oat Straw to Use as Solid Biofuel, an Additive to Organic Fertilizers for Agriculture Purposes and Activated Carbon – TGA Analysis, Kinetics

Szymon Szufa , Maciej Dzikuć , Łukasz Adrian , Piotr Piersa , Zdzisława Romanowska-Duda , Wiktoria Lewandowska , Marta Marcza , Artur Błaszczuk , Arkadiusz Piwowar


In this paper authors present research results which are the optimum parameters of the torrefaction process using straw from oats and maize. The most important parameters for the torrefaction process are temperature and residence time. Both parameters are essential to designing and construction of industrial biomass torrefaction installations. Energy crops and waste coming from agricultural production have the most promising perspective from all kind of renewable energy sources in Poland. Currently, intensive studies on the process of biomass torrefaction are being carried out. In this experimental investigation, authors examined the torrefaction process of two types of agriculture biomass, such as: oats, maize. The main overarching objective of the experimental studies described below is the development of various biochar as an additive to agricultural fertilizers resulting from the conversion of biomass from agriculture residues – straw from oats and maize. The last of enumerated biomasses is treated through different conversion processes such as: drying, torrefaction to homogenize their physical and chemical properties. Among many of its areas, it is extremely important to optimize the production of biomass energy plants and its refinement (in the torrefaction process), which will improve the balance and profitability of energy production from RES, and reduce the logistics and storage costs of this fuel and improve the efficiency of biomass combustion process. When implementing new technologies indicated in this work and optimizing the harvesting of plant biomass, the negative impact on the environment caused by stored municipal waste can be reduced. This biomass torrefaction process temperature and residence time were necessary for the design and construction of semi-pilot scale biomass torrefaction installations with dryer and torrefaction reactor to perform a continuous biomass torrefaction process using superheated steam
Author Szymon Szufa - Lodz University of Technology (PŁ)
Szymon Szufa,,
, Maciej Dzikuć - University of Zielona Góra (UZ)
Maciej Dzikuć,,
, Łukasz Adrian - Cardinal Wyszyński University in Warsaw (UKSW)
Łukasz Adrian,,
, Piotr Piersa - Lodz University of Technology (PŁ)
Piotr Piersa,,
, Zdzisława Romanowska-Duda - University of Lodz (UŁ)
Zdzisława Romanowska-Duda,,
, Wiktoria Lewandowska - University of Lodz (UŁ)
Wiktoria Lewandowska,,
, Marta Marcza - AGH University of Science and Technology (AGH)
Marta Marcza,,
, Artur Błaszczuk - Czestochowa University of Technology (PCz)
Artur Błaszczuk,,
, Arkadiusz Piwowar (E&F / DMaFE)
Arkadiusz Piwowar,,
- Department of Economics and Organization of Agri-Food Economy
Journal seriesE3S Web of Conferences, [Environment, energy and earth sciences web of conferences], ISSN 2267-1242, (0 pkt)
Issue year2020
Article number02004
Keywords in EnglishTorrefaction Process, Straw, Oats, Biochar
Languageen angielski
Szufa_Dzikuc_Adrian_Piersa_Romanowska_Duda_Lewnadowska_Marcza_Blaszczuk_Piwowar_Torrefaction_Of_Oat_Straw.pdf 1,38 MB
Score (nominal)5
Score sourcejournalList
Citation count*6 (2020-08-07)
Additional fields
UwagaThe studies presented were financed by the National Center of Research and Development (NCBR) Poland under the research program LIDER. The research and development project is entitled "BIOCARBON - Modern technology biomass torrefaction process to produce fuel mixtures, biocoal as additives for fertilizers, activated carbon for energy sector, agriculture, civil engineering and chemical industry”, „LIDER IX” NCBiR 2014-2020 (0155/L-9/2017).
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.