Electroless deposition of Ni–P–nano-ZrO2 composite coatings in the presence of various types of surfactants

Katarzyna Zielińska , Alicja Stankiewicz , Irena Szczygieł


Ni–P–nano-ZrO2 coatings were produced using the electroless deposition technique. To prevent agglomeration of zirconia nanoparticles in the plating bath, various surfactant additives (anionic, cationic, and nonionic) were used. The most stable bath was obtained with the addition of dodecyltrimethylammonium bromide (DTAB). The impact of this surfactant on the deposition rate, coating composition, and topography, as well as ζ potential of particles, was examined. Surface morphology and composition of the Ni–P–nano-ZrO2 composite coatings was analyzed by various techniques including scanning electron microscopy (SEM) equipped with in situ energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy. Coatings with a clearly greater amount of zirconia (21.88–22.10 wt.%) were obtained from baths containing DTAB in concentrations equal to or above its critical micelle concentration (cmc). For these surfactant concentrations, the reduction of Ni and P content was observed.
Author Katarzyna Zielińska - [Wrocław University of Science and Technology (PWr)]
Katarzyna Zielińska,,
- Politechnika Wrocławska
, Alicja Stankiewicz (EaE / IChaFT / DNCh)
Alicja Stankiewicz,,
- Department of Non-organic Chemistry
, Irena Szczygieł (EaE / IChaFT / DNCh)
Irena Szczygieł,,
- Department of Non-organic Chemistry
Journal seriesJournal of Colloid and Interface Science, ISSN 0021-9797, (A 30 pkt)
Issue year2012
Publication size in sheets0.5
ASJC Classification1505 Colloid and Surface Chemistry; 2508 Surfaces, Coatings and Films; 2502 Biomaterials; 2504 Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)30
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus Citations = 57; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2012 = 1.463; WoS Impact Factor: 2012 = 3.172 (2) - 2012=3.39 (5)
Citation count*34 (2016-06-20)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.