Aging Society and the Selected Aspects of Environmental Threats: Evidence from Poland

Elżbieta Sobczak , Bartosz Bartniczak , Andrzej Raszkowski

Abstract

The article addresses problems of population aging in Poland and the selected environmental hazards exerting a negative impact on seniors’ health. The introduction presents the reasons underlying the above-mentioned aging process and provides the characteristics of the primary environmental threats. The next part covers the most important trends and indicators related to the demographic situation in the country. The core of the study is focused on presenting and interpreting the results of empirical research on the periodization of the population aging process in Poland, in the years 2004–2019, using the multidimensional statistical analysis method including, in particular, the data classification method. The key demographic factors differentiating the development phases of the population aging process include, in order of their significance: longer life expectancy of the population, narrowed gross reproduction rate, declining birth rate, and total migration balance. In addition, the article provides the analysis of the selected environmental threats’ impact on population aging in Poland, among which the following were indicated: high temperatures, solar conditions, heavy rainfall, strong winds, droughts, and fires. Moreover, the process of longer life expectancy in fine health is essentially related to two issues: the level of medical care, with particular attention paid to check-ups and preventive measures, and the promotion of a healthy lifestyle. In summary, it should be highlighted that the elimination of all pollutants or the reasons of environmental hazards is not possible; however, the actions primarily focused on reducing the emission of harmful gases into the atmosphere and other forms of environmental pollution should definitely be taken.
Author Elżbieta Sobczak (E&F / DRE)
Elżbieta Sobczak,,
- Department of Regional Economy
, Bartosz Bartniczak (BM / DQaEM)
Bartosz Bartniczak,,
- Department of Quality and Environmental Management
, Andrzej Raszkowski (E&F / DRE)
Andrzej Raszkowski,,
- Department of Regional Economy
Journal seriesSustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, (N/A 70 pkt)
Issue year2020
Vol12
No11
Pages1-22
Publication size in sheets1.05
Article number4648
Keywords in Englishnatural environment; sustainable development; society; aging; environmental hazards; periodization; multidimensional statistical analysis; Ward’s method; Poland
ASJC Classification3305 Geography, Planning and Development; 2105 Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment; 2308 Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
DOIDOI:10.3390/su12114648
Languageen angielski
File
Sobczak_E__Bartniczak_B_Raszkowski_A_Aging Society and the Selected Aspects of Environmental Threats.pdf 3,94 MB
Score (nominal)70
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 0.911; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 2.592 (2) - 2018=2.801 (5)
Citation count*
Additional fields
Uwaga The project is financed by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education in Poland under the program “Regional Initiative of Excellence” 2019–2022 project number 015/RID/2018/19 total funding amount 10 721 040,00 PLN
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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