Measurement of Factors Affecting the Perception of People with Disabilities in the Workplace

Urszula Załuska , Alicja Grześkowiak , Cyprian Kozyra , Dorota Kwiatkowska-Ciotucha


The issue of employing people with disabilities is crucial from both a social and economic perspective, and is often influenced by the social perception of this group of people. In this article, we attempted to examine attitudes towards the disabled in eight European countries by using one of the most popular tools that measures the perception of such people in everyday life—the Attitudes to Disability Scale (ADS) developed by the WHOQOL Group. We checked the general attitude towards disability according to the ADS scale and the specific perception of disability in the workplace using a scale created ad hoc. The research was conducted in 2019 using the CAWI (computer-assisted web interview) method on representative samples of Internet users, whereas the analysis methods included the measurement reliability analysis, confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and structural equation modelling (SEM). The obtained results allow for the acceptance of the measurement model of the ADS scale in the societies of the analyzed countries. No significant differences were found between models created for people with a disability experience (a group from the WHOQOL Group research) and without such experience. The measurement using the original ADS scale factor structure is of good reliability, whereas CFA is of good fit. We also examined the impact of ADS scale factors on the perception of people with disabilities in the workplace using the SEM model, and obtained good fit of the model. The results show that the dimensions of perception, such as inclusion, discrimination and prospects, affect the evaluation of people with disabilities in the workplace.
Author Urszula Załuska (BM / DoL)
Urszula Załuska,,
- Department of Logistics
, Alicja Grześkowiak (E&F / DoEaOR)
Alicja Grześkowiak,,
- Department of Econometrics and Operational Research
, Cyprian Kozyra (E&F / DoS)
Cyprian Kozyra,,
- Department of Statistics
, Dorota Kwiatkowska-Ciotucha (BM / DoL)
Dorota Kwiatkowska-Ciotucha,,
- Department of Logistics
Journal seriesInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, e-ISSN 1660-4601, (N/A 70 pkt)
Issue year2020
Publication size in sheets0.3
Article number4455
Keywords in Englishdisability; WHO ADS scale; inclusive employment; confirmatory factor analysis; structural equations modelling
ASJC Classification2739 Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health; 2307 Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Languageen angielski
Zaluska_U_Grzeskowiak_A_Kozyra_C_Kwiatkowska-Ciotucha_D_Measurement_of_Factors_Affecting.pdf 1,08 MB
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DEKL_Kozyra_C_ Measurement_of_Factors_2020.docx 12,97 KB
DEKL_Zaluska_U_ Measurement_of_Factors_2020.docx 13,27 KB
Score (nominal)70
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 1.129; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 2.468 (2) - 2018=2.948 (5)
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UwagaThe project is financed by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education in Poland under the programme “Regional Initiative of Excellence” 2019–2022 project number 015/RID/2018/19 total funding amount 10 721 040,00 PLN.
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.