The Efficiency of R&D Expenditures in ASEAN Countries

Paweł Dobrzański , Sebastian Bobowski


The aim of this study is to determine whether funds spent on research and development are used efficiently in Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) countries. Fifteen countries in the 2000-2016 period have been examined. Measuring the efficiency of research and development spending was performed using the non-parametric Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) methodology, which allows for the assessment of input–output efficiency. The research includes the following input and output variables: annual public and private spending on innovation, high-technology exports as a percentage of manufactured exports, patent applications to the World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) by priority year for million inhabitants, trademark applications (TA) for million inhabitants and information and communications technology (ICT) exports as a percentage of manufactured exports. Hong Kong and the Philippines are perhaps the most efficient with respect to research and development (R&D) when analysed using the constant return to scale (CRS) approach. However, according to the variable return to scale (VRS) approach, the most efficient ASEAN countries are Hong Kong, Indonesia, Singapore and the Philippines. The study also confirms that increased spending on innovation is resulting in non-proportional effects.
Author Paweł Dobrzański (E&F / DME)
Paweł Dobrzański,,
- Department of Mathematical Economics
, Sebastian Bobowski (E&F / DIB)
Sebastian Bobowski,,
- Department of International Business
Journal seriesSustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, (N/A 70 pkt)
Issue year2020
Publication size in sheets1.25
Article number2686
Keywords in EnglishInnovation; DEA Methodology; Relative efficiency
ASJC Classification3305 Geography, Planning and Development; 2105 Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment; 2308 Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Languageen angielski
Dobrzanski_P+Bobowski_S_The_Efficiency_of_R&D.pdf 292,36 KB
Score (nominal)70
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 0.911; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 2.592 (2) - 2018=2.801 (5)
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UwagaThe project is financed by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education in Poland under the programme “Regional Initiative of Excellence” 2019–2022 project number 015/RID/2018/19 total funding amount 10 721 040,00 PLN.
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.