Selected physiological activities and health promoting properties of cereal beta-glucans. A review

D. Suchecka , J. Gromadzka-Ostrowska , E. Żyła , Joanna Harasym , M Oczkowski

Abstract

Cereal beta-glucans are linear homoglucose polymers found in endosperm and sub-aleurone layer of grain, consisting mostly of water-soluble fraction and exerting different specific biological activities. In this review beneficial effects of oat and barley purified beta-glucans on immunity, gastrointestinal tract health and inflammatory diseases treatment in animals are presented. Oat and barley beta-glucans interact with innate immune system cells and affect pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines production leading to alleviation of inflammation. Few recent in vitro and in vivo studies showed also a prebiotic effect of cereal beta-glucans due to fermentation of these polysaccharides by beneficial gut microbiota. Barley and oat beta-glucans stimulate growth of Lactobacilli and positively affect large intestine content of short-chain fatty acids, faecal water content, pH value and decrease ammonia level in animals. Studies on farm animals, especially pigs, show that cereal beta-glucans can beneficially affect gastrointestinal tract functions and immunity of animals mainly due to their prebiotic activity and interactions with immune cell system. Beta-glucans tend to reduce body weight gain and may help to prevent obesity. The health-promoting properties of barley and oat beta-glucans should be taken into account when formulating diets for farm and companion animals
Author D. Suchecka - [Szkoła Główna Gospodarstwa Wiejskiego]
D. Suchecka,,
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, J. Gromadzka-Ostrowska - [Szkoła Główna Gospodarstwa Wiejskiego]
J. Gromadzka-Ostrowska,,
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, E. Żyła - [Szkoła Główna Gospodarstwa Wiejskiego]
E. Żyła,,
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, Joanna Harasym (EaE / IChaFT / DBaFA)
Joanna Harasym,,
- Department of Biotechnology and Food Analysis
, M Oczkowski - [Szkoła Główna Gospodarstwa Wiejskiego]
M Oczkowski,,
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Journal seriesJournal of Animal and Feed Sciences, ISSN 1230-1388, (A 20 pkt)
Issue year2017
No26
Pages183-191
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in Englishcereal beta-glucans, prebiotic effects, receptors, immune response, animal nutrition
ASJC Classification1103 Animal Science and Zoology; 1106 Food Science
DOIDOI:10.22358/jafs/70066/2017
Languageen angielski
File
Suchecka_Gromadzka_Zyla_Harasym_Oczkowski_Selected_Physiological.pdf 428,94 KB
Score (nominal)20
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus Citations = 3; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 0.834; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 0.9 (2) - 2017=0.857 (5)
Citation count*4 (2019-11-27)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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