Healthcare benefits: luxury or necessity goods? EU countries case revisited

Paulina Ucieklak-Jeż , Agnieszka Bem , Paweł Prędkiewicz , Rafał Siedlecki


The aim of presented research is to analyse, whether healthcare services are luxury or necessity goods, taking into account several differences (income, healthcare’s financing system) between European countries. We have posed the following hypotheses:(H1): the character of healthcare services is affected by the level of national income; (H2): the character of healthcare services is affected by the model of healthcare financing. We have employed data coming from 28 European countries, covering the years 2004-2014. Data were obtained from Eurostat Database and OECD Health Data. Using the LS and WLS methods, we can conclude that: (1) in richer Europeans countries healthcare services are luxury goods; (2) in poorer European countries healthcare services are necessity goods; (3) in countries, where healthcare services are finance based on Beveridge system, healthcare benefits are necessity goods, while (4) in countries, where Bismarck system is employed –healthcare services are luxury goods. We have also found, that both in “poor countries” and “Beveridge countries” subgroup, the reduction of income inequalities, as well as the lowering of the ratio of people at risk of poverty, decrease the level of healthcare spending, while in the subgroup of “rich countries”, as well as in “Bismarck countries” this influence is entirely opposite
Author Paulina Ucieklak-Jeż - Jan Dlugosz University in Czestochowa (UJD)
Paulina Ucieklak-Jeż,,
, Agnieszka Bem (MISaF / IZF / KFP)
Agnieszka Bem,,
- Katedra Finansów Przedsiębiorstw i Finansów Publicznych
, Paweł Prędkiewicz (ES / DF)
Paweł Prędkiewicz,,
- Department of Finance
, Rafał Siedlecki (MISaF / IZF / KFP)
Rafał Siedlecki,,
- Katedra Finansów Przedsiębiorstw i Finansów Publicznych
Publication size in sheets0.5
Book Nesleha Josef, Plihal Tomas, Urbanovsky Karel (eds.): European Financial Systems 2017 Proceedings of the 14th International Scientific Conference.Part 2, 2017, Masaryk University, ISBN 978-80-210-8609-8, [978-80-210-8610-4], 502 p.
Keywords in Polishh ealthcare services, healthy life years, income elasticity, demand, luxury good, necessity good
Keywords in Englishmunicipalities financial condition, financial indicators, municipalities rating, taxonomic methods
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)15
Score sourceconferenceIndex
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