Analysis of Changes in The Volume of Fish Production and Consumption in The World - Selected Problems
AbstractThe dynamic increase in the production of fish and other aquatic organisms in the world, which occurred in the years 1950-2019, is positively correlated with the growth of the world's population. The changing consumption model has a large impact on the increase in the analysed production. Fish is an increasingly appreciated source of wholesome, easily digestible proteins, minerals and vitamins. However, a disturbing phenomenon is the fact that more and more global fish stocks are being overfished. In the context of these problems, attention should be paid to the role of sustainable fishing. In the analysed years, the structure of fish production in the world, considered according to various criteria, changed significantly. The share of fish and other aquatic organisms obtained from fishing decreased, while the share of fish produced in aquaculture increased. This should be assessed as a very favourable phenomenon in the context of sustainable production. In the geographical structure of fish production, the importance of the Indian Ocean as a source of fish is growing, while the significance of the Atlantic Ocean, especially the North East Atlantic Ocean, is decreasing. This is related to the introduction of increasingly stringent catch limits in the European Union. The world's largest producer of fish and other aquatic organisms is China. Indonesia and India also belong to the top three. The Asian region (Asian inland waters and the Northwest Pacific) has dominated the world fish and other aquatic organisms production. The production of aquaculture fish is becoming increasingly important there. In the situation of the further, expected by FAO, increase in the consumption of fish and other aquatic organisms, and the increasing risk of significant loss of stock of some fish species, it is necessary to extend the acquisition of fish and other aquatic organisms from aquaculture, tightening catch limits (European Union), greater control of catches, in order to eliminate illegal fishing.
|Publication size in sheets||91.05|
|Book||Soliman Khalid S. (eds.): Education Excellence and Innovation Management: A 2025 Vision to Sustain Economic Development during Global Challenges, 2020, International Business Information Management Association (IBIMA), ISBN 9780999855141|
|Keywords in English||Fish Catches, Aquaculture, Sustainable Fishing, Fish Consumption, Introductio|
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