Dependence of the location of the European capitals and competitiveness of the regions
AbstractCompetitiveness is one of the most important topics of modern economics. Current research and publications focus mainly on the international competitiveness of the country. However, in recent years, interest in the competitiveness of regions has increased. The EU created the European Regional Competitiveness Index in 2010. The main goal of this article is to verify whether the region with the capital is the most competitive region in the country. The analysis will be carried out for the EU countries. The article offers an assessment of the competitiveness of selected regions based on the results of the European Regional Competitiveness Index. Evaluations of basic economic indicators are presented, along with effectiveness and innovation factors, establishing the sources of their competitive advantage. The main method is comparative analysis. In most cases capitals attract the most investments, entrepreneurs and have the largest labor force. Countries in which the above hypothesis has not been confirmed are Germany, Italy and Netherlands. In these countries, the industrial regions of Oberbayern, Lombardy and Utrecht are the leaders. This research can be used by policy makers to ensure proper cohesion policy is implemented to reduce inequity.
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Book||Loster Tomas, Pavelka Tomas (eds.): The 12th International Days of Statistics and Economics : Conference Proceedings, 2018, MELANDRIUM, ISBN 9788087990148, 2063 p.|
|Keywords in English||regional competitiveness, comparative analysis, the EU Regional Competitiveness Index|
|Publication indicators||= 1|
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