Impact of CAD-deficiency in flax on biogas production
Magdalena Wróblewska-Kwiatkowska , Sławomir Jabłoński , Sławomir Szperlik , Lucyna Dymińska , Marcin Łukaszewicz , Waldemar Rymowicz , Jerzy Hanuza , Jan Szopa
AbstractGlobal warming and the reduction in our fossil fuel reservoir have forced humanity to look for new means of energy production. Agricultural waste remains a large source for biofuel and bioenergy production. Flax shives are a waste product obtained during the processing of flax fibers. We investigated the possibility of using low-lignin flax shives for biogas production, specifically by assessing the impact of CAD deficiency on the biochemical and structural properties of shives. The study used genetically modified flax plants with a silenced CAD gene, which encodes the key enzyme for lignin synthesis. Reducing the lignin content modified cellulose crystallinity, improved flax shive fermentation and optimized biogas production. Chemical pretreatment of the shive biomass further increased biogas production efficiency.
|Journal series||Transgenic Research, ISSN 0962-8819, (A 25 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.4|
|Keywords in English||CAD gene, Transgenic flax, Biogas production, FTIR (Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy), Shives|
|ASJC Classification||; ; ;|
|Publication indicators||= 2; : 2015 = 0.936; : 2015 = 2.054 (2) - 2015=2.099 (5)|
|Citation count*||5 (2016-02-03)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.