Time-dependent indirect antioxidative effects of oat beta-glucans on peripheral blood parameters in the animal model of colon inflammation
Łukasz Kopiasz , Katarzyna Dziendzikowska , Małgorzata Gajewska , Jacek Wilczak , Joanna Harasym , Ewa Żyła , Dariusz Kamola , Michał Oczkowski , Tomasz Królikowski , Joanna Gromadzka-Ostrowska
AbstractOat beta-glucans are polysaccharides, belonging to soluble fiber fraction, that show a wide spectrum of biological activity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the time-dependent antioxidative effect of chemically pure oat beta-glucan fractions, characterized by different molar mass, which were fed to animals with early stage of 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS) - induced colitis. Methods: The study was conducted on 150 adult male Sprague Dawley rats assigned to two groups—healthy control (H) and colitis (C) with colon inflammation induced by per rectum administration of TNBS. The animals from both groups were divided into 3 nutritional subgroups, receiving for 3, 7 or 21 days AIN-93M feed without beta-glucan (βG−) or with 1% (w/w) low molar mass oat beta-glucan (βGl+) or 1% (w/w) high molar mass oat beta-glucan (βGh+). After 3, 7 and 21 days, the animals were euthanized, peripheral blood was collected from the heart for further analysis. Results: The results of analyses performed on blood samples showed small changes in lymphocytes count and red blood cell parameters such as the number of red blood cell, mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration and mean corpuscular volume (RBC, MCHC, MCV respectively) as well as normalization of antioxidant potential accompanying moderate inflammatory state of colon mucosa and submucosa. Conclusion: Oat beta-glucans exert an indirect antioxidant effect in animals with TNBS-induced colitis, with greater effectiveness in removing systemic effects of colon inflammation found for low molar mass oat beta-glucan.
|Journal series||Antioxidants, ISSN 2076-3921, e-ISSN 2076-3921, (N/A 100 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||1.05|
|Keywords in English||oat beta-glucan; peripheral blood; colitis; oxidative stress; rats|
|ASJC Classification||; ; ; ;|
|Publication indicators||: 2018 = 1.439|
|Uwaga||The authors acknowledge the financial support of the National Science Centre, Poland through grantnumber2015/17/B/NZ9/01740|
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