Thirty Years of Transition, Fifteen Years of Membership in The European Union: Challenges of Capacity Building in Poland

Paweł Dobrzański , Sebastian Bobowski , Elie Chrysostome


Political changes in 1989 enabled former Soviet Union satellite countries to initiate processes of political and economic transformation from a centrally planned economy to a market economy. In the early years of the 1990s, the post-communist countries adopted the Washington Consensus. It was based on three key pillars: fiscal austerity, privatisation, and liberalisation. These changes have radically changed the Polish economy. Poland had to face many challenges, which included high unemployment and hyperinflation. In addition, the accession of Poland to the European Union opened a new stage of changes in its economy. The authors focus on the main changes in the Polish economy during the past three decades. The study period begins in 1989, when Poland transformed from a centrally planned economy to a market economy. The other important period starts in 2004, when Poland become a member of the European Union. The main aim of this paper is to asses performance of Polish economy referring to main macroeconomics indicators. This article also discusses main challenges for Polish economy. Although Poland is performing rather well in the region, it still lags behind other European Union countries. The most important challenges that the authors present are the demographic trap, the average product trap, the weak institutions trap, the lack of balance trap, and the middle-income trap. Due to the complexity of the topic, the research requires the use of diverse methodological approaches. The main method is a comparative analysis using data collected from the International Monetary Fund and the Polish Statistical Office. The method employed also includes historical case studies, which are used to present the role of the Polish economy.
Author Paweł Dobrzański (E&F / DME)
Paweł Dobrzański,,
- Department of Mathematical Economics
, Sebastian Bobowski (E&F / DIB)
Sebastian Bobowski,,
- Department of International Business
, Elie Chrysostome - State University of New York (SUNY)
Elie Chrysostome,,
Publication size in sheets0.55
Book Soliman Khalid S. (eds.): Education Excellence and Innovation Management: A 2025 Vision to Sustain Economic Development during Global Challenges, 2020, International Business Information Management Association (IBIMA), ISBN 9780999855141
Keywords in EnglishTransition Economy, Capacity Building, Integration
Languageen angielski
Dobrzanski_P_Bobowski_P_Chrysostome_E_Thirty_Years_of_Transition.pdf 301,79 KB
Score (nominal)70
Score sourceconferenceList
Citation count*
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UwagaThe project is financed by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education in Poland under the programme "Regional Initiative of Excellence" 2019-2022 project number 015/RID/2018/19 total funding amount 10 721 040,00 PLN.
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.